Moving towards Universalisation of Secondary Education (USE) after achieving encouraging progress in nation’s efforts to universalise elementary education through Sarva Shiksh Abhiyan(SSA), the Ministry of Human Resource Development has launched a Scheme of Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) in March 2009 in partnership with state governments and other stakeholders and came out with RMSA framework to guide the states/UTs on the implementation of this scheme. RMSA is a holistic and convergent programme which addresses access, equity and quality goals targeting both secondary and higher secondary stages of school education with a clear time frame.
The Ministry of HRD, discussing with the World Bank and DFID on possible support for RMSA during the Preparation Mission held in New Delhi from 8 to 21 April, 2010 entrusted NCERT with the task of development of a “Vision and multi-layer strategic guidelines for improvement of quality of secondary education” (letter is annexed as annexure I) in active consultation with State Governments to chart out a road map for secondary education up to 2020 and also to explore inclusion of quality improvement strategies, activities an norms into RMSA planning process.
Following quality components embedding equity within are essential
1. Curriculum Reform
Curriculum reform is a major quality aspect of secondary education, which includes –
- Revision of State Syllabi and Textbooks at secondary stage in accordance with the NCF-2005.
- Improving classroom processes and school management to implement the curricular and pedagogic shift for enhancing participation in learning process and providing success experience to all learners.
- Assessment and Examination in consonance with the emerging perspectives on Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation as well as examination reform at secondary stage
2. Teacher Preparation
The quality issue related to teacher preparation is evolving a mechanism for continuous in-service professional development in States/UTs to cover a large no. teachers for continuous updating of content knowledge and of pedagogic concerns in view of improving school-classroom setting.
3. Researches and Monitoring for Quality
Researches play a very important role for providing feedback on the quality interventions, which have gone into the system exploring deeply the intervention, process and outcomes. Many a times findings of these researches also provide for policy inputs. Hence, researches and monitoring mechanism for quality are not only helpful in ensuring quality but also improving modalities for quality inputs as and when required
4. Information and Communication Technology
Information and communication technology is seen integral to the Secondary Education. This quality component is infused in each of the quality initiatives such as Curriculum Reform, teacher preparation, research and monitoring.